• Eleven-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks
  • Eleven-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks
  • Eleven-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks
  • Eleven-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks

Eleven-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks

Ceremonial Object
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Object Date
ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 28.5 x 7.5 x 7.6 cm (11 3/16 x 2 15/16 x 3 in) Diam (hole): 4.9 cm (1 15/16 in)
China, Lake Tai region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
新石器時代晚期良渚文化 (公元前3300--2250年)
高28.5、寬7.5、厚7.6 釐米;孔徑4.9 釐米
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Previous owner(s)
Wang Jiantang 王鑑堂 (C.L. Freer source) (late 19th-early 20th century)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
Squared, hollow cylinder of the type ts’ung [cong] 琮; very tall form with wide projecting collar at both ends; bored from both sides leaving slight median ridge; richly mottled reddish brown, olive green, and dull yellow; scattered veins of cream white decomposition and some dark, rough incrustations; decoration: channeled and incised grooves, corner ridges and faint circles. (Collar chipped.)

Acquired with box and stand, now lost.
Past label text
Curatorial Remarks
Unpublished Research
Published References
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
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