1. Bought from Seaouke Yue [You Xiaoxi] 游筱溪, of Shanghai 上海, in New York. For price, see Original Miscellaneous List, p. 288. $230.
2. (Undated Folder Sheet note) Original attribution: Chinese. Shang 商. See further, S.I. 1288, Appendix VIII. Excavated in Anki [Anxi] 安溪 in Chekiang [Zhejiang] 浙江 province.
3. (Archibald Gibson Wenley, 1945) Chou [Zhou] 周 dynasty.
4. (Undated Folder Sheet note) Sp. G. is 3.016. Nephrite.
5. (Isabel Ingram Mayer, 1946) The device is in the form of a long tailed bird perched on a shield like stand with crenellated top and crescent shaped base, the field decorated with a sun or circle filled with spiral forms. Cf. the device on F1917.79, and also that on F1917.346 for similarities of bird and stand, see also devices on F1919.58 and F1917.385.
6. (Thomas Lawton, 1978) Western Chou [Zhou] 周.
7. (Julia K. Murray, 1980) From Ancient Chinese Jade exhibition label: Attribution changed from Western Chou [Zhou] 周 to Neolithic, ca. 2000 BCE, traditional Chekiang [Zhejiang] 浙江 provenance.
8. (Julia K. Murray, 1983) For further discussion of the motif incised on the surface of this pi [bi] 璧, see Folder Sheet F19 17.346. Also, see Folder Sheet F1917.19 for a discussion of pi [bi] 璧. There is another design lightly incised on the narrow rim of this pi [bi] 璧 consisting of two birds seen from above and two fishbone motifs. The motifs appear in alternation, one per quadrant along the rim. Between motifs there is a loosely organized meander or fret pattern somewhat resembling lei wen [leiwen] 雷紋 (for illustration, see Hayashi Minao 林巳奈夫, "Ryōsho bunka no gyokki jakkan o megutte 良渚文化の玉器若干をめぐって = Jade of the Liang-chu Culture," Museum 360 , fig. 28). On a pi [bi] 璧 of similar proportion in the Victoria and Albert Museum [A.42-1936], there is also a design incised along the rim, but it does not include the fishbone, only the meander and the bird seen from above. (The pi [bi] 璧 is included in The Arts Council of Great Britain and The Oriental Ceramic Society, Chinese Jade Throughout the Ages [London: Oriental Ceramic Society, 1975], cat. 30; the rim motif is mentioned but not reproduced.)
9. (Undated Folder Sheet note) See F1916.628 [Decorative fitting for an ornamental comb], no. 10.
10. (Undated Folder Sheet note) See F1917.79 no. 12.
11. (Stephen Allee per Keith Wilson, February 26, 2008) On this date entered: Period One (Late Neolithic period), Date (ca. 5000--ca. 1700 BCE), Artist (Liangzhu 良渚 culture), Title, Object name, Geographical region (Lake Tai 太湖 region); plus Description per Jenny F. So and Dimensions per Christine Lee, from Jade Project Database.
12. (Jeffrey Smith per Keith Wilson, July 17, 2008) Ceremonial Objects added as secondary classification.
13. (Stephen Allee March 23, 2009) Added designation "nephrite" to Medium as per Janet Douglas using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (January 8, 2009).
14. (Susan Kitsoulis per Keith Wilson, June 10, 2010) Title changed from "Disk (bi 璧) with incised glyph" to "Disk (bi 璧) with incised glyph and decorated edge."
15. (Jeffrey Smith, April 7, 2016) Transferred from Description: (Jenny So, from Jade Project Database) Mottled dark green and golden brown. Biconical hole, drilled off-center, with ridge at meeting point or drill bits. Almost perfectly round, outer vertical wall ground gently concave. Surface polished even and smooth, minor ships at rim. Emblem showing bird on top of rectangular shield-shape with stepped top. Roundel with seven spirals arranged in floral configuration in center of shield. Thing arc supports shield at bottom. Incisions shallowly executed in short strokes. Cloud-shaped motif on other face. Concave outer rim with two sets of loose angular meanders, two birds, and two fish skeleton/grain stalk alternating one per quadrant.
(File folder) Perforated disc of the type "bi.' Bored from both sides leaving rough median ridge. Darkly mottled green and golden-brown; bluish gray frosting and veins of incipient disintegration. Scattered granular pittings. Decoration: lightly incised, a device on obverse, birds, arrows and geometric pattern around outer rim. Box.