1. Bought from Lee Van Ching [Li Wanqing] 李文卿 of Shanghai 上海. For price, see Original Miscellaneous List, p. 251. $75.
2. (Undated Folder Sheet note) Original attribution: Chinese. Han 漢. See further, S.I. 1123, Appendix VIII (see Paragraph 6).
3. (Undated Folder Sheet note) Sp. G. is 2.885. Soft material.
4. (Archibald Gibson Wenley, 1945) Ch'ing [Qing] 清 dynasty.
5. (Elisabeth West Fitzhugh, 1956) X ray diffraction analysis. Nephrite. Film F134. February 28, 1956.
6. (H. Elise Buckman, 1964) The Envelope File contained no further information, and has now been destroyed.
7. (Thomas Lawton, 1973) The following information was carved on the box in which this object arrived: "Han pai yu p'ei" [Han baiyu pei] 漢白玉佩 or “Han 漢 dynasty white jade ornament.”
8. (Thomas Lawton, 1978) Attribution changed from "Ch'ing [Qing] 清" to "Late Shang 商."
9. (Julia K. Murray, 1980) Attribution is changed from Late Shang 商 to Early Shang 商, ca. 15th century BCE.
10. (Julia K. Murray, 1982) For a general discussion of chisel shaped jades, see Folder Sheet F1917.31.
Chisel F1917.34 shows some features not present on others in the Freer collection. In a manner somewhat reminiscent of a ko [ge] 戈 blade, it has a slightly recessed tang, which provides a distinct handle for the piece. Also, the treatment of a linear design near the hole suggests a metallic inspiration. Nonetheless, the blade is slightly biconvex and the end beveled like a chisel, so it seems appropriate to group F1917.34 with the chisels. (The Erh li t'ou [Erlitou] 二里頭 chisel mentioned in the 1980 label is reproduced in Chung-kuo k’e-hsueh-yuan k’ao-ku yen-chiu-suo Erh-li-t’ou kung-tso-tui [Zhongguo kexueyuan kaogu yanjiusuo Erlitou gongzuodui] 中國科學院考古研究所二里頭工作隊, “Ho-nan Yen-shih i-chih 3, 8 ch’u fa-chueh chien-pao [Henan Yanshi Erlitou yizhi 3, 8 qu fajue jianbao] 河南偃師二里頭遺址三、八區發掘簡報,” K'ao ku [Kaogu] 考古 1975.5, pl. 9:1.)
Changed from Early Shang 商 to Shang 商, ca. 1523–1028 BCE.
11. (Stephen Allee per Keith Wilson, March 31, 2008) On this date entered: Period One (Late Neolithic period), Date (ca. 2500–2000 BCE), Artist (Qijia 齊家 culture), Title, Object name, Geographical region (Northwest China); plus Dimensions per Christine Lee, from Jade Project Database.
12. (Stephen Allee, June, 11, 2008) Added designation "nephrite" to Medium as per Elizabeth West Fitzhugh in February 1956, as determined by x ray diffraction.
13. (Jeffrey Smith per Keith Wilson, July 17, 2008) Ceremonial Objects added as secondary classification.
14. (Jeffrey Smith per Keith Wilson, March 2, 2016) Qija culture removed as Maker; object date changed from ca. 2500-2000 BCE to dates of the Late Neolithic period, ca. 5000-ca. 1700 BCE.